Are malocclusion hereditary?
First of all, it should be noted that some malocclusions have no effect, these are birth defects or genetically determined, while they occur less frequently and are serious disorders of bone structure. Then, you should consult your orthodontist as soon as possible and start treatment, you will certainly get better and more effective results.
The second group of malocclusion is acquired and many factors lead to crooked alignment of teeth. By covering a child with orthodontic prophylaxis from the first days of his life, we can prevent some malocclusions.
How to protect children from malocclusion?
To start with, each parent should be guided by the principle of "prevention is better than cure". This means that if the parent takes the steps quickly enough, he will protect the child from malocclusion.
Factors disrupting the proper development of the masticatory organ are primarily of various types:
- dysfunctions include improper breathing, swallowing, chewing, poor position of the child during sleep and feeding, posture defects,
- parafunctions - unusual, harmful habits such as biting on various objects, too long sucking of a pacifier or finger, biting nails, gnashing teeth (bruxism),
- early loss of milk or permanent teeth,
- all types of tooth injuries that would damage the permanent teeth buds,
- body diseases - rickets, salivary glands.
What does orthodontic prophylaxis look like?
Orthodontic prevention at every stage of a child's development is of great importance.
Infancy - it is very important during this period proper position of the child during sleep and feeding. What does the correct position of the child during sleep mean? For sure do not lay the child flatbecause it promotes the emergence and strengthening of the defect referred to as overshot bite. Why is this happening? Because when the child lies flat on his back, his mouth does not close and the lower jaw falls back.
Head position too high or low it can also adversely affect the development of a child's bite, which is associated with habitual breathing through the mouth, which equates to a disorder of the proper development of the masticatory organ.
A great solution is slightly raising half of the mattress or using an appropriate wedge, so that the baby's mouth is closed when lying down.
Another factor positively influencing the development of the masticatory organ is natural feeding. The position of the child during feeding should be half-vertical, facing the mother. The mother's hand should hold the breast so that the nipple and the areola are in the child's mouth. The baby's nose and chin must not be squeezed, during which time the child sucks, swallows and breathes milk.
Where it is stone bottle you should choose an anatomic teat, i.e. one that resembles a breast nipple. It is important to pay attention to the teat's structure and material. It should be made of not too soft, elastic rubber and have several small holes.